Listening Techniques for Better Learning English

If you are an adult learner looking for ways to sharpen your listening skills, you’ve come to the right place. Learning a new language can be intimidating and overwhelming, but it doesn’t have to be.
In this post, we will look at five effective listening techniques that will help you become more proficient in your language learning. With the right approach and determination, acquiring these listening skills will become an invaluable asset in your journey to mastering English. So, let’s get started!

1) Listening for context and understanding

Listening for context and understanding is a critical skill for adult learners to acquire. This skill involves understanding the overall meaning and message of a conversation, speech or dialogue. It also includes paying attention to non-verbal cues such as body language, facial expressions and tone of voice to get a better understanding of what is being communicated.
To develop this skill, it is essential to focus on the speaker’s key points and use your critical thinking skills to identify the message behind them. It is also essential to pay attention to the way the speaker delivers their message, as the tone of voice can significantly affect the intended message.
To practice listening for context and understanding, it is helpful to engage in group discussions, listen to podcasts and watch English movies or TV with subtitles and understanding the message conveyed.
And remember: you do not have to understand every single word. As said: elicit meaning from the context as much as you can!!
Watch the video below and try your active listening:


2) Basic Listening Skills

As the name suggests, these skills form the foundation of all listening techniques and are crucial for understanding spoken English. Basic listening skills include paying attention, understanding the speaker’s tone and body language, and being able to retain information.
To develop your basic listening skills, start by focusing on the speaker. Avoid distractions such as cell phones or other people in the room, and try to maintain eye contact with the speaker. Also, try to identify any non-verbal cues such as facial expressions or gestures that the speaker might be using to convey their message.
Another important aspect of basic listening skills is being able to retain information. One way to improve your retention is to take notes while listening. This not only helps you remember important details but also serves as a reference for future review.
It’s also important to practice listening to a variety of speakers with different accents and speech patterns. This can help improve your ability to understand different English speakers and become more confident in your communication skills.
Remember, developing your basic listening skills is an ongoing process. Consistent practice and attention to detail can help you improve and become a better listener.

3) Active Listening Skills

Active listening skills are essential for ESL adult learners who want to improve their language proficiency. These skills enable learners to not only hear but also understand what others are saying. Active listening involves paying attention to the speaker and demonstrating engagement through verbal and nonverbal cues.
The following are some active listening skills that can help ESL students enhance their English language learning:
  1. Focus on the speaker: Active listening requires focusing on the speaker and the message being conveyed. Learners should avoid distractions, such as phone notifications or background noise.
  2. Ask clarifying questions: Asking questions is an excellent way to show the speaker that the listener is engaged and wants to understand the message. Clarifying questions can also help learners grasp concepts they are struggling with.
  3. Summarize what you’ve heard: Learners can show active listening by summarizing what they’ve heard. This helps the listener clarify and remember the speaker’s main points.
  4. Use body language to demonstrate engagement: Nonverbal cues like nodding, maintaining eye contact, and smiling show that the listener is paying attention and interested in the conversation.
  5. Respond appropriately: Active listeners respond appropriately to what the speaker is saying. This means responding with relevant comments, acknowledging the speaker’s perspective, and asking follow-up questions.
Active listening skills help learners improve their English language proficiency by enabling them to understand and engage in conversations with native speakers and other learners. With practice, learners can develop these skills and use them to communicate effectively in any setting.

4) Critical Listening Skills

When it comes to critical listening skills, the focus is on analyzing and evaluating the information presented. This type of listening skill is particularly important in academic settings, or when reading a text of a certain complexity, where students need to be able to comprehend complex concepts and ideas.
Here are some key elements of critical listening skills that ESL students can work on improving:
  1. Understanding the context: Critical listening involves being aware of the context in which information is presented. This means taking note of the speaker’s background and expertise, as well as the purpose and audience for the message. By understanding the context, students can better assess the relevance and reliability of the information presented.
  2. Identifying bias: this is core! Critical listeners are also attuned to any biases or assumptions that may be present in the information being presented. They recognize that all communication is influenced by personal perspectives, cultural values, and social norms. By identifying and analyzing bias, students can gain a deeper understanding of the message and the speaker’s intentions.
  3. Analyzing arguments: Critical listening involves evaluating the strength of arguments presented in a speech or conversation. This means examining the evidence, reasoning, and logic behind the message and assessing whether it is credible and convincing. Students who can analyze arguments critically can better understand and respond to complex ideas in a variety of contexts.
  4. Asking questions: Finally, critical listeners are not afraid to ask questions and seek clarification when necessary. They understand that communication is a two-way process and that seeking additional information is key to understanding complex ideas. Students can improve their critical listening skills by practicing active engagement in class discussions and seeking feedback from instructors and peers.
Overall, developing critical listening skills is essential for students who want to succeed in academic and professional settings. By practicing these skills, students can better comprehend complex information, analyze arguments, and communicate effectively with others.

5) Emotional Listening Skills

Emotional listening skills are essential in effective communication as they involve empathizing and understanding the emotions behind what someone is saying. This skill is particularly important in English language learning, as understanding the emotional cues in conversation is vital for comprehension.
To develop emotional listening skills, adult learners should start by paying attention to non-verbal cues such as facial expressions, body language, and tone of voice. These cues can help students better understand the emotional context of the conversation, making it easier to grasp the meaning behind the words being spoken.
Another technique to improve emotional listening skills is to actively engage in the conversation. By asking questions, summarizing what has been said, and providing feedback, learners can demonstrate that they are actively listening and understand the emotional nuances of the conversation.
Lastly, it’s important to recognize cultural differences when it comes to emotions. What might be considered appropriate in one culture may be completely different in another. learners must be aware of these differences and adapt accordingly to ensure that they can understand and respond appropriately to the emotional content of conversations.
In summary, developing emotional listening skills is crucial for learners as it helps to improve their communication abilities and facilitates better understanding of English
language conversations. By paying attention to non-verbal cues, actively engaging in conversation, and understanding cultural differences in emotional expression, learners can enhance their emotional listening skills and become more effective communicators.